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Meissen Beaker

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Dates Circa 1730
Medium Porcelain
Origin Germany
Description An extremely rare Meissen beaker with a typical palette of Kakiemon design of a coiled circular phoenix and beautiful flowering prunus blossoms.

From the collection of Augustus the Strong.

Marks: Over-glaze crossed swords mark. Japanese Palace inventory mark of a wheel incised N=335 W/(Dreher’s mark).

The incised ‘Johanneum’ or palace inventory mark on the underside indicates these two pieces were once part of the collection in the Japanisches palais (The Japanese Palace or The Dutch Palace), Hollandische Palais in Dresden. The inventory of 1779 lists a number of these beaker shapes, with the inventory number 335.

Meissen Kakiemon decorated pieces with an over-glaze blue crossed mark derive from a collection of pieces that are known as the van Hoym/Lemaire scandal. They were made between 1729 and 1731 and were part of duplicitous scheme where the pieces were produced especially by Count Karl Henrich von Hoym, the director general of the Meissen factory, exported to and sold by the Paris dealer/merchant Rodolphe Lemaire. Once with this dealer the mark could be easily erased and then sold as genuine Japanese Kakiemon, which was more valuable. This was discovered by 1731, resulting in both parties being arrested and all the pieces seized (from Von Holm’s palace) and taken to Dresden where they were inventoried and accessioned with the incised palace numbers.

Provenance: the von Hoym/Lemaire scandal and Augustus The Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland.

Literature: (See Booklet) C. Nelson & L Roberts A History of Eighteenth-Century German Porcelain: The Warda Stevens Stout Collection, p. 448, no 61 for another pair with the same inventory mark of 335.

The Wark Collection of Early Meissen Porcelain The Cummer Gallery of Art p. 201, /5 p. no 424 for a similar pair of beakers incised with no 334.

Maria D. Santangelo, Princely Pursuit; The Malcolm D. Gutter Collection of Meissen Porcelain, p. 181.

M. Cassidy Geiger, The Arnhold Collection of Meissen Porcelain 1710-50, for the full story of this saga.