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Sèvres covered bowl and stand

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Dates 1767
Origin France
Description Sèvres soft-paste écuelle ronde tournée et plateau rond

A Sèvres soft-paste ecuelle, cover and stand (Ecuelle ronde tournee et plateau rond), painted with shaped roundels of interlaced garlands of green and red berried foliage, laurel, cornflowers and pink roses tied together with different coloured ribbon bows. The background is completely filled with patterns of gold pointillé spots and blue florettes.
Marks: Interlaced L’s painted in underglaze blue enclosing the date letter O for 1767. Underneath is the painter’s mark of three dots for the artist Jean-Baptiste Tandart l'aîné
Provenance: Private Collection - Europe

Jean-Baptiste Tandart was recorded as being a fan painter before starting his employment at Vincennes in 1754/55. Noted as a painter of bouquets, wreaths and garlands, he was initially paid 30 livres a week. By 1773, this had increased to 84 livres. He left the factory in 1800 at the ripe age of 71.

This particular decoration became popular by the mid 1760’s, and can usually be linked to Tandart. Sometimes he painted other combinations of interlocking flower wreaths, such as roses, cornflowers mixed with other flowers, a third wreath consisting of laurel. As well as tea wares, this form of decoration can be often found on vases; a fine pair of vases en burette from 1766-7, are in the Wallace Collection. Interestingly these wreaths are slightly varied with undulating garlands, as opposed to complete roundels. By the 1780’s wreath decoration had become simplified to a single rose garland.

Vincent Taillandier, or his wife Geneviève, painted the grounds that often accompanied this type of decoration. These were in the form of tiny dots in various different colours, which are known as fond Taillandier. Taillandier is accredited with the creation of this design.

It is possible that Jean-Baptiste Tandart was responsible for the development of this particular charming flower design.

Ibid., Vol III, p 1070, for a biography of the artist
Ibid., Vol II pp.669-670, C438, for a two handled cup, cover and stand (gobelet à lait et soucoupe), 1766 , with this variant of decoration by Tandart.
Savill R., op.cit. Vol 1, pp286-290, C286-7 where it is noted he was paid 3 livres for each wreath, see footnote 30
Eriksen, Svend, and Geoffrey de Bellaigue. Sèvres Porcelain – Vincennes and Sèvres 1740-1800, 1987, p.132
Savill R., op.cit. Vol III, pp1068-9, for a biographical account of M et Mme Taillandier.
de Cayeux, Jean, Revue de la Sociètè des Amis du Musée National de Céramique, Vol 9, 2000, Jean-Baptiste Tandart : Peintre et inventuer de dècors ä Sèvres